The Largest Battle
Here is an explanation for the largest battle of the Revolutionary War.
What did Washington learn from the situation? Is retreat the same thing as running away, or is it an effective strategy? What are the advantages? Disadvantages?
The American army was not well-disciplined. George Washington constantly wrote to Congress about how poorly behaved the men were and how they often did not follow orders from their superiors.
What would your life be like without the rule of law? What kinds of things would you do differently if there were no laws? What things would you observe around you?
What would our class be like without discipline and manners? What kinds of things would you do differently if there were no rules or consequences?
Does freedom mean no rules?
Is freedom free?
Walking along on Broadway, would you be able to imagine the largest battle of the Revolution being waged somewhere beneath the concrete and steel? Today, one particular area of the city is known as the Theater District. This is where the biggest live shows are produced and performed live on stage. You can check out some of the historic venues at Spotlight on Broadway before we try our hands at some Readers Theater in the classroom.
Prisoners of War
Check the explanation on the International Committee of the Red Cross website.
The George Washington Bridge
The George Washington Bridge, connecting northern Manhattan with Fort Lee, New Jersey, is the busiest bridge in the world. From Wikipedia:
The [George Washington] bridge sits near the sites of Fort Washington (in New York) and Fort Lee (in New Jersey), which were fortified positions used by General George Washington and his American forces as they attempted to deter the occupation of New York City in 1776 during the American Revolutionary War. Unsuccessful, Washington evacuated Manhattan by crossing between the two forts.
The Greatest Show
P.T. Barnum's circus began in Manhattan, New York, in the 1800s. The recent musical movie, The Greatest Showman, renewed interest in Barnum as a quintessential master of marketing and objectification.
Today, many of the terms used by Barnum and others are considered offensive. Some are offensive because they belittle a particular race or religion. Some make fun of physical attributes. Others might have more to do with the shape of a person's body, a person's odd ability, or a disease that makes a person appear different from the accepted norm. However, shouldn't we strive to be sensitive to each other's differences - in the same way we want them to be sensitive to ours?
Part of the circus that interests some people is called a side show. These were little money-making locations outside of the main circus tent. Some people may still remember side shows popping up outside the main attractions at Coney Island in New York, a state fair, or other local event. Inside sat human beings, altered by nature, by self-mutilation, or some other factor, while outside stood the barker, selling passersby on the idea of paying for a peek at the "freak".
While it could be argued that these people earned money for their families by allowing themselves to be humiliated in a public display that called attention to their "defects", most frown on their exploitive treatment.
With that in mind, instead of paying to ogle people because of their physical traits (like Missouri's own Ella Ewing), wouldn't it be interesting if people were celebrated for their achievements?
What is your greatest achievement? Jot down some ideas about yourself and you major talent. Make a long list of adjectives to describe you talent and achievement (Look at the posters on the Ella Ewing page for inspiration.) Use your notes to create a poster for the Hoggatt's Incredible Achievement Circus. You poster should fit in with the posters above.
New York City Rhythm
New York City, today, has quite a different appearance from the Revolutionary time. Back then, around 25,000 people lived in the big city (That's roughly half the size of Joplin, Missouri today!); now over eight and a half million call NYC home (more than 164 times Joplin's current population).
Times Square or Green Acres
Are you a City Mouse or a Country Mouse? Would you be more at ease in the big buildings and noise of New York City or the sounds of nature?
Ready, set, debate!
Happy New Year!
The dropping of the ball in Times Square is one of the best-known New Year traditions.
We have many more things to look at for the Opening Day of the New Year.
While We're on the Subject
Learn more about New York City and more by studying these Wonderopolis pages: