King George III was the king of Great Britain when the American Colonies began to revolt. His father had died, and George became king at a young age.
Life in Britain during the Georgian era was quite different from the life we enjoy in 21st century United States. The first video (top right) will give you some ideas about who the colonies were up against. Be sure to look for King George III as you watch the video.
Lyn-Manuel Miranda wrote a comical, more approachable, version for the hit musical, Hamilton, a version of which resides in the video here (bottom right).
Recorded by Rick Atkinson in his book, The British Are Coming, is a more serious 1777 letter from London to America. By that time, apparently, George III became more and more frustrated with the situation in the colonies:
His Mastey intends to open this year's campaign with ninety thousand Hessians, Tories, Negroes, Japanese, Moors, Esquimaux, Persian archers, Laplanders, Feejee Islanders, and light horse...Ye dumb-founded, infatuated, back-bestridden, nose-ledd-about, priest ridden, demagogue-beshackled and Congress-becrafted independents, fly, fly, oh fly, for protection to the royal standard, or ye will be swept from the face of the earth.
A Written Response
The Madness of King George
I do not pretend to any superior abilities, but will give place to no one in meaning to preserve the freedom, happiness, & glory of the dominions & all their inhabitants, and to fulfill the duty to my God...That I have erred is undoubted, otherwise I should not be human. But...where I have failed, it has been from the head, not the heart.
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